What land is exempted from open access?

There are some types of land on which there is never a right to roam. This makes sure that people’s privacy and safety, or particular types of business, are protected. Here are some of the most common types of land you may come across which you don’t have the right to roam over:

  • Buildings (and land within 20m of a building)
  • Private parks and gardens
  • Quarries
  • Railways or tramways
  • Golf courses
  • Aerodromes or airports
  • Temporary livestock pens
  • Race courses and land used for training race horses
  • Military land, for example where they may be firing guns.

You can find out more about land excepted under the CRoW Act here:

Exceptions and restrictions in the coastal margin (England only) 

There are types of land which remain off limits and rules for what you can and can’t do in the coastal margin. These are largely the same as on open access land, although you can walk:

  • On land within 20m of a building
  • Through land used for training race horses
  • Your dog off the lead all year round (except around livestock) – but you do need to check for local controls which may be in force.

Access may be excluded from areas of saltmarsh and mudflat where the land is unsafe to walk. This may be particularly dangerous for visitors who don’t know the area well. Whether you are a visitor or live locally, it’s important to take note of the ground conditions and read and follow instructions on local signage.

You can find out more about coastal margin exceptions and restrictions here:

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